Jesuits vs. Dominicans
"It really is an honour to have received a Nomination for "Best Blog by a Seminarian"... There are many blogs I enjoy that to my surprise did not receive any nomination in the 21 categories.
It's a close race in the category I've been nominated for, and as God would have it, there's a time-honoured and traditional rivalry between the SJ and the OP in progress! Oh, He does have a great sense of humour and I love it! :)"
You might not know the story behind this rivalry between the Jesuits & Dominicans. But, since it's one of the great stories in Church history, I thought I'd give a brief summary.
In the sixteenth century, when the teachings of Calvin and Luther came to be more widely disseminated, it brought up some questions among Catholic theologians about the relationship between grace and free will. A particularly bitter battle in this vein broke out between the Dominicans and the Jesuits, the Dominicans holding the to what had been the more widely held Thomistic opinion, and the Jesuits proposing a somewhat altered view in hope of better answering the challenges of the Protestant reformers. The first phase of this argument, which began in Belgium, lasted from 1584-1588. In 1588, the matter was referred to Rome and Pope Sixtus V told them to stop arguing about it.
Evidently, the silence didn't last too long and the controversy broke out anew in Spain, also in 1588. The Jesuit view was condemned by the Dominicans as being Semi-Pelagian. The Dominican view was condemned by the Jesuits as being too Calvinist. In 1594, the new Pope Clement VIII ordered the argument stopped again and began to investigate the matter, seeking opinions from several of the major universities. He even established a commission in 1598 to look into the matter. The superior generals of both orders were commanded to appear with their theologians before the commission the next year. A year or so of such sessions were held, with no resolution. Another series of debates began in the presence of the Pope from 1602-1605, sixty-eight of them in all. Clement died in 1605, followed by the brief papacy of Leo IX, and then Paul V became Pope. Paul V presided over seventeen debates.
Finally, in 1607, the Pope issued a decree which allowed each order to defend its own doctrine, demanded that they not condemn each other, and asked them to await a decision from the Holy See. The decision never came.
(I'm not a historian so the facts may not be exact--my sources might not be right--but I think you get the picture!)
My understanding is that this also ended in an agreement that upon the death of the general superior of either order, the living general of the other order would preside at the funeral mass. I think this may still be the custom today (but I couldn't find an authoritative source on that).
So, when people talk about rivalry between Dominicans and Jesuits, it's rooted in this little argument about grace which lasted 23 years and was never resolved!!